Planty – this park, the only one its kind, surrounds Krakow’s Old Town. You can rest here on one of the many park benches standing on the side of the paths. The park covers an area of 21 hectares and has a circumference of 4 km. It was built on the place of the medieval fortifications surrounding Krakow. In 1820, there was a decision to establish urban gardens. The land area was dried and leveled, which is called "plantowanie" – the origin of the name Planty. Trees were planted (especially chestnut trees), lawns and flower beds were formed. Lanterns were installed and stone benches were placed. A characteristic element of the Planty are the monuments commemorating many outstanding figures important to Polish history and culture, as well as literary heroes. The Planty are the favorite walking place both of Krakowians and tourists.